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Author Title & Abstract
Deborah Maron & Erin Carter OCS: 509
TITLE: More than what it seems: How critical theory, popular engagement and apps like Tinder can help us reframe metadata and its consequences
ABSTRACT: Metadata is a term no longer only of interest to information professionals; recently, it has also compelled a wider global population. How might the metadata community guide popular understandings around metadata’s relationship to privacy, surveillance, and identity building, while also taking cues from the outside to complement current professional practice? Rather than taking at face value the definitions, presentations, skills, practices and situations that we are told constitute the concept of metadata, we can consider alternative and complementary thinking, broadening what we consider to be metadata at all; this process of rethinking is known as problematization and has its roots in critical theory. We use problematization, as well as critical theory constructs like Derrida’s différance and digital trace, to examine the popular dating site Tinder, which we consider to be metadata in its own right. In doing so, we make new assumptions about metadata and its implications in digitally-mediated identity construction. We hope that our effort—a contribution to Science and Technology Studies (STS) and also to metadata studies—has professional implications, such as providing companion methods for reading metadata-dependent systems as ‘material metadata discourse.’ We likewise hope to show that popular, wider-world discourse can cast back onto our profession in a meaningful way.
Charlotte Suzanne Kostelic OCS: 504
TITLE: Applying the Levels of Conceptual Interoperability Model to a digital library ecosystem – A case study
ABSTRACT: This paper applies the Levels of Conceptual Interoperability Model to a case study of two cultural heritage institutions with disparate but related collections in an effort to define a maturity model for interoperability between presentations of digitized cultural heritage materials. The Levels of Conceptual Interoperability Model (LCIM) is a progressive model developed by Dr. Andreas Tolk within the field of Modeling and Simulation and systems engineering to be used in determining potential for interoperability between systems. This paper applies the LCIM through a descriptive model to a digital library ecosystem that includes digital collections, digital libraries, and meta-aggregators. This paper seeks to determine if this model is sufficient as a method of measuring the potential for interoperation between systems, metadata, and collections within a digital cultural heritage ecosystem. A maturity model for interoperability within a digital library ecosystem can aid metadata operations specialists in determining the potential for interoperability between systems and collections.
Ana Alice Baptista OCS: 518
TITLE: Metadata for the certificates of energy efficiency of buildings in smart cities
ABSTRACT: SusCity, an MIT Portugal project, falls within the scope of smart cities. One of its tasks aims to research and develop metadata artefacts to be used in the scope of a Linked Open Data platform for the project’s data. In this article, we report the process and results associated with the development of the following metadata artifacts: an application profile, a metadata schema and four controlled vocabularies, one of which is independent of the application profile. The application field is the certification of the energy efficiency of buildings. For the development of the application profile, we inspired ourselves in the Me4MAP method although we did not use it thoroughly. The creation of the metadata schema and controlled vocabularies was resorted to the use of Wikidata, so all new terms (properties and concepts) are Wikidata terms. The results include the application profile, the metadata schema and the controlled vocabularies, and are all already open to the community for use and reuse. The application profile has 11 properties, four of which are new. The controlled vocabulary on measures for energy efficiency has 22 new terms spread over four­­­ levels. Information about all new terms will be included in the Linked Open Vocabularies service.
Jacob Jett, Timothy W Cole, Alex Kinnamen, Deren Kudeki, Myung-Ja (MJ) K. Han & Caroline Szylowicz OCS: 508
TITLE: Extending legacy metadata with Linked Open Data
ABSTRACT: Library special collections are valued by scholars and relied on to support both research and teaching. In recent years libraries have invested heavily in digitizing many of these collections. Unfortunately less effort and fewer resources have been expended post-digitization and many digitized library special collections today exist on the Web only in isolated information silos, difficult to find and disconnected from other resources that could provide users with valuable context. This begs the question: Can Linked Open Data (LOD) approaches be leveraged to help contextualize & enrich item-level descriptions of such collections and provide links to related information resources? This project report describes preliminary results from Exploring the Benefits for Users of LOD for Digitized Special Collections, a project still in progress which is examining this and related questions. Among the findings reported here: while special collections metadata are typically rich and ripe with LOD potential, the idiosyncratic nature of the collections and the metadata schemes used pose unique mapping and transformation challenges; the opportunity for adding links to item-level metadata is great, but finding links still requires significant cataloger involvement; at the scale of most library special collections, information from LOD sources can be retrieved in real time to enhance the presentation of items to end-users, providing context and links to related information. These findings suggest that the transformation of metadata into LOD and the inclusion in item descriptions of links can improve the connectedness of digitized special collections and enhance user interactions with these resources.
Jason Kovari, Steven Folsom & Rebecca Younes OCS: 490
TITLE: Towards a BIBFRAME implementation: the bibliotek-o Framework
ABSTRACT: bibliotek-o is a framework for modeling bibliographic metadata as linked data. Consisting of the BIBFRAME ontology at its core, the bibliotek-o ontology defines fragments of external ontologies and an application profile specifying the recommended implementation of these ontologies. This report presents the background and motivation behind the bibliotek-o framework, including an overview of the model, ontology principles and best practices guiding its development, a description of aligned tooling under development, and a report on the project’s status and outputs. A small sample of discrete patterns in which bibliotek-o deviates from BIBFRAME is provided to demonstrate motivations and modeling principles. Our goal is to illustrate the strengths of BIBFRAME, while suggesting areas where BIBFRAME should evolve to a more streamlined and expressive model. We aim to encourage feedback and community engagement in ongoing development of the framework outlined in this paper.
Maja Žumer & Pat Riva OCS: 499
TITLE: IFLA LRM – finally here
ABSTRACT: The IFLA Library Reference Model (IFLA LRM) consolidates the three models of the FRBR Family. In this paper first the differences between the three models are presented as well as the major modeling and presentation issues identified. The main part is the general description of IFLA LRM. Only the most important features are presented, with examples illustrating the modeling approaches.
Michael D. Crandall, Stuart A. Sutton, Marcia Zeng, Thomas Baker, Abigail Evans, Sean Dolan, Joseph Chapman, David Talley & Michael Lauruhn OCS: 513
TITLE: LD4PE: A Competency-based guide to Linked Data principles and practices
ABSTRACT: The IMLS-funded Linked Data for Professional Education (LD4PE) project has developed a competency-based prototype referatory of Learning Resources for teaching and learning practices in the design, implementation, and management of Linked Data. This report summarizes the work of the project in developing: 1) an RDF-modeled “Competency Index for Linked Data” (Index) based on the Achievements Standards Network Description Language (ASN-DL) for describing formally promulgated competencies and benchmarks; 2) an openly available, web-based tool set to support the management of the Index; the generation of RDF metadata about Learning Resources; the packaging and arrangement of selected Learning Resources by users in “Saved Sets”; and the creation of learning trajectory maps expressing curricular structures or personal learning journeys superimposed over the competency framework through the integration of these elements as WordPress custom posts and taxonomies on the LD4PE website; 3) a set of cataloged Learning Resources that have been mapped to the competencies and benchmarks of the Index to support competency-based resource discovery by teachers, trainers and learners; 4) the LD4PE project website (http://explore.dublincore.net), which will be managed by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) as part of its educational agenda; and 5) a set of Best Practices describing the infrastructure and policies developed for the project that others can reuse in mapping future knowledge domains in a similar manner.

DCMI logo Presentations

Author Title & Abstract
Saho Yasumatsu & Tomoko Okuda OCS: 485
TITLE: The Use of Digital Object Identifiers in the National Diet Library digital collections
ABSTRACT: The National Diet Library (NDL) is the sole national library of Japan, and assigns Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to digital surrogates of its collections and other acquired digital objects as a means for ensuring permanent accessibility to them. Those digital holdings are in our digital archiving system, the National Diet Library Digital Collections. The NDL also serves on the board of the Japan Link Centre (JaLC), which is the only organization in Japan authorized as a Registration Agency (RA) for DOI, and works together with the JaLC to promote widespread use of DOIs.

This presentation explains how DOIs are assigned at the NDL, the uses to which these DOIs are being put, and indicates the issues of DOIs assigned by the NDL
Maria Esteva, Ashley Adair, Sivakumar Ayeegoundanpalay Kulasekaran, Josue Balandrano Coronel & Craig Jansen OCS: 488
TITLE: A Data model for lifecycle management of natural hazards engineering data/em>
ABSTRACT: We introduce work accomplished to design and implement a data model and metadata for ongoing curation and publication natural hazards engineering data derived from experimental research projects. The data model was designed with the input of researchers involved in the space and implemented in the DesignSafe-CI platform.
Adrienne Milner Hieb, Matthew M. Pearson & Mitchell Shelton OCS: 495
TITLE: Expanding the institutional repository mission: Innovating with Linked Data for NASA digital curation
ABSTRACT: The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Institutional Repository (GSFCIR) manages, preserves, tracks, and provides access to the Center’s digital collections and research output. As GSFCIR moves to an entirely RDF-based platform, the Goddard Library is taking this opportunity to leverage linked data’s capabilities to enhance digital curation efforts, particularly in the area of adding value to digital collections. Objects in GSFCIR’s existing collections have little inter-relation through back-end metadata or front-end interfaces. As representatives of the research and knowledge output of Goddard, these collections and digital objects do have a common thread among them: NASA missions. Current repository cross-collection searching allows for discovery of some of these connections; however, it is often frustrated by variant names and it does not support a variety of common search behaviors. Historically, NASA mission information has not been maintained in any single, accessible authority. To both achieve its goal of creating better connections in GSFCIR and to provide a valuable resource to present and future NASA communities, the Goddard Library is producing a linked data thesaurus of NASA mission names, including equivalence, hierarchical, and associative relationships.

This presentation will focus on how the Library established the need for a NASA-focused linked data missions thesaurus, the careful process of domain analysis and vocabulary development, and its role in aiding future digital curation efforts as GSFCIR grows with new collections.
Karen Sandra Smith-Yoshimura OCS: 496
TITLE: Using the Semantic Web to improve knowledge of translations
ABSTRACT: More than half of the almost 400 million bibliographic records in WorldCat are for languages other than English. Most of the monographs described were published only once. But a few million represent the core of our shared culture—works that have been translated into multiple languages, and sometimes translated multiple times into the same language. We learn about other cultures, and other cultures learn about ours, through these translations. As the world’s largest bibliographic database, WorldCat is positioned to provide the translation history of works, using the W3C bib extension translationOfWork to communicate the relationship of each translation to the original work.

In our multilingual data enhancements project, our goal was to improve the descriptions of the most frequently published works, as they are the ones most likely to be translated and searched by users. In a database of MARC records, machine processes cannot support browsing or searching of works and their translations. Critical entities such as the title of the original work and the names of the translators are not always expressed in a machine-understandable form—and sometimes the information is missing altogether. Since a manual cleanup is not scalable, we explored the possibility of enriching MARC records with Linked Data from a third-party source, Wikidata. By integrating information from both WorldCat and Wikidata, we may be in a better position to present information about frequently-translated works in the preferred language and script of the user.
Jeanne Kitchens, Stuart A. Sutton & Robert G. Sheets OCS: 503
TITLE: Metadata for improving transparency in the credentialing marketplace
ABSTRACT: This presentation describes the Credential Transparency Description Language (CTDL) --an RDF schema-- and a set of open source applications intended to support rich description of credentials througout the credentialing ecosystem. The metadata infrastructure enabled by the CTDL and the open-licensed software will continuously capture, connect, archive and share metadata about credentials, credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations, competency frameworks, and additional metadata as needed to support an open applications marketplace.

The presentation will include a review of the CTDL resources and development processes and will demonstrate how the CTDL schema is used for publishing RDF metadata to the Credential Engine Registry (CER), how an application profile of the CTDL is used by the CER to validate the quality of incoming metadata, and how the open application marketplace can evolve by demonstrating the Workit Search App prototype that consumes metadata from the CER. The presentation will include discussion of the planned development of CTDL-Lite as a markup extension to schema.org.
Elizabeth Russey Roke & Daniel Noonan OCS: 505
TITLE: Best practices for software metadata: A Report from the Software Preservation Network
ABSTRACT: Representatives of the Software Preservation Network Metadata Working Group will present preliminary results from its analysis of metadata for software preservation, discussing a survey of existing practices as well as a crosswalk of existing ontologies and schemas in use in libraries, the open source software community, and specialized research communities. The talk will also discuss the activities of the Software Preservation Network, highlighting activities that have a direct impact on metadata practice.
Huda Khan, Lynette Rayle & Rebecca Younes OCS: 507
TITLE: VitroLib: From an ontology and instance editor to a linked data cataloging editor
ABSTRACT: The Mellon Foundation-funded Linked Data For Libraries Labs (LD4L Labs) and Linked Data For Libraries Production (LD4P) projects are exploring how to support library systems transition to the use of linked open data. As part of this work, we are developing a linked data cataloging editor called VitroLib. VitroLib extends Vitro, the open source ontology and instance editor that provides the ontology-agnostic semantic application underpinning VIVO, the researcher profiling system. VitroLib generates content display and content editing interfaces based on BIBFRAME, Bibliotek-o which extends BIBFRAME, and related ontologies. In this presentation, we will provide an overview of the design and implementation of VitroLib, results of usability testing exploring how catalogers can use VitroLib to catalog bibliographic metadata, and how VitroLib development has used application profiles.
Jeanette Norris OCS: 510
TITLE: Understanding users' metadata needs: How do we know what they want?
ABSTRACT: Descriptive metadata should match users' expectations of the information that is available to search against. The methodology used for the research discussed in this presentation focuses on how users describe books outside of the context of an existing search interface. It represents an effort to isolate and identify salient types of information and then to compare them with library data and standards to determine how much users’ descriptions and catalogers’ descriptions overlap. This presentation will focus on an analysis of the methodology used in this and other similarly constructed studies, preliminary findings based on the data that was gathered during the pilot study, and ideas for how the type of information gathered through these types of studies could be used to assess metadata practices and inform the creation of descriptive metadata standards.
Alexandra Alisa Provo & Michel Biezunski OCS: 514
TITLE: Topic maps for digital scholarly monographs
ABSTRACT: This presentation will outline work on a new approach to digital scholarly monograph subject metadata currently being undertaken by New York University’s Digital Library Technology Services department as part of the Mellon-funded grant project, Enhanced Networked Monographs (ENM).
Erin Wolfe OCS: 515
TITLE: Enhancing metadata though standardization and validation: Practical application at the University of Kansas Libraries
ABSTRACT: The Digital Initiatives department at the University of Kansas Libraries is in the process of migrating digital collections and assets to a locally hosted instance of Islandora to serve as our primary digital repository. As a key part of this process, we are taking the opportunity to clean up, standardize, enhance through linked data, and validate our metadata records prior to ingest in this new system. Using a variety of open tools, we have developed a systematic and replicable method to create uniform metadata records that conform to our in-house guidelines and requirements.
Richard P. Smiraglia OCS: 516
TITLE: Data and metadata instantiation: Use cases and a conceptual model
ABSTRACT: Digital repositories are particularly susceptible to the problem of uncontrolled data and metadata instantiation because of the complex lifecycles of data deposit, use, and reuse. In repositories that require deposit of research data on a large scale, instantiation can become particularly acute. DANS (Data Archiving and Networked Services), a division of the Royal Netherlands Academy of the Arts and Sciences, is the self-styled “institute for permanent access to digital research resources” (DANS 2017). The role of DANS is to encourage scholars to make their data accessible, interoperable and resusable, in a sustainable environment. In addition to serving as a host repository for tens of thousands of datasets, DANS also manages the NARCIS gateway to more than 160,000 datasets generated by Dutch scholars. Recent research (Smiraglia and Park 2016) demonstrated one approach to a conceptual model of instantiation among open government data records, deriving core attributes “information object,” “expression,” “manifestation product type,” “actor, “expression creation,” and “information carrier” from the FRBRoo ontology of bibliographic instantiation. The proposed presentation combines these and other FRBRoo attributes with the generations of lifecycle modeling identified by Greenberg, as applied to a series of use cases from DANS.

DCMI logo Posters

Author Title & Abstract
Oksana Zavalina OCS: 484
TITLE: Integrated mearning of metadata quality evaluation and metadata application profile development in a graduate metadata course
ABSTRACT: This poster presents the graduate metadata courses offered by the X university and reports a case study of an experiment in the design of an advanced graduate metadata course. We made the changes to course design to facilitate the skill-building component and provide more efficient link between content-based learning and skill-based learning. Our goal was to ensure metadata learners develop not only the in-depth understanding of and interest in advanced metadata topics, but also the ability to clearly see the connections between these topics. In particular, the experiment included integrating the learning of the process of designing a local metadata application profile with evaluation of the quality of metadata, including assessing the ability of a standard metadata scheme or an application profile to capture and adequately represent important and unique attributes of information objects in a special collection. The benefits of this approach to the quality of learning were measured and are discussed.
Jennifer Gilbert, Alison Raab Labonte & Franz Osorio OCS: 489
TITLE: Facilitating Information Sharing and Collaboration through Taxonomy at the Federal Reserve Board
ABSTRACT: The Research Library at the Federal Reserve Board developed the Board Subject Taxonomy (BST) by organizing and standardizing key concepts in a vocabulary of subject terms that describe research and policy work conducted at the Board. The goal was not just to have a taxonomy; rather, we sought a way to better facilitate sharing, collaboration, and discovery across information systems. To that end, the Library staff has developed several tools to make the taxonomy bridge across systems to build new relationships and connections across disparate sources. The BST acts as a critical semantic link to bring together data, researchers, and publications that were previously isolated from each other. The BST is currently deployed in a data inventory (DataFinder), research publication repository (OneBoard Research), an expert directory (Board Expert Finder), and a researcher index (Economist Similarity Index). The significance of the Board Subject Taxonomy is that it brings together research and interests using the Federal Reserve vernacular, to help transcend the silos of information in our agency. The BST is central to metadata quality as it helps keep all the different tools we developed in line with each other and makes interoperability possible.

Our key accomplishment has been to exploit the power of robust metadata, to use it to repurpose information in diverse systems (library catalogs/inventories, research repositories) and make that information live in new, dynamic search tools that meet user needs. Future efforts will be based on user demands and have strong connections to business needs at the Federal Reserve Board. These efforts are to include: expansion of vocabulary and facets to include terms relevant to collected data; development of user-specific vocabularies for Board Information Technology specialists; etc.
Mihwa Lee, Jee-Hyun Rho, Eun-Ju Lee & Yoon Kyung Choi OCS: 498
TITLE: The Development of application profile for the OAK institutional repository
ABSTRACT: OAK (Open Access Korea) hosted by National Library of Korea is the national portal of institutional repository participating universities, public institutions, researches, and businesses. OAK has used OAK metadata based on DSpace to build OAK portal, and could not accommodate all the metadata elements that participant institutions wanted. Therefore, OAK could permit each institution to expand its metadata for its own appropriately. But this brought into missing data in harvesting data from IR member libraries, and developing redundant, disordered and inappropriate elements without device managing elements such as metadata registry. For solving these problems, this study is to suggest the OAK application profile through analyzing the metadata elements of member libraries and comparing metadata of the representative case such as DSpace, Eprints, BEPress, ETD-db, and dCollection.
Naomi Eichenlaub & Marina Morgan OCS: 500
TITLE: ORCID: Using API calls to assess metadata completeness
ABSTRACT: The aim of this poster is to demonstrate the importance of adequate metadata in ORCID profiles to ensure name disambiguation. It is only through more complete metadata that ORCID will ensure success in terms of interoperability with institutional scholarly, publishing and funding bodies.
Ryouta Kinjou, Mitsuharu Nagamori & Shigeo Sugimoto OCS: 502
TITLE: Estimating domain models from metadata instances to improve usability of LOD datasets
ABSTRACT: Linked Open Data(LOD), which is one of the efforts to help realize semantic web, has gradually become popular. Many Linked Open Data datasets, however are not well utilized. There are multiple reasons for this, such as a low level of recognition of LOD, limited usability of LOD datasets and so on. In attempting to solve these issues, we focused on a metadata schema that describes the structure about metadata instances in each LOD dataset. As information about metadata schema are not typically released, it is difficult to use LOD datasets. Therefore, in this research we extract the domain model, which is one piece of information about a metadata schema, from metadata instances. Domain models are suitable for understanding the rough structure of a metadata instances in an early stage. We developed an estimation method to generalize a process of understanding metadata schema when people, who are not familiar to the datasets, deal with. We then apply the estimation method to existed datasets.
Mark A. Matienzo, Elizabeth Russey Roke & Scott Carlson OCS: 506
TITLE: Creating a Linked Data-friendly metadata application profile for archival description
ABSTRACT: The objective of this poster is to provide an overview of efforts to apply and extend Schema.org for archives and archival description. The authors see the application of Schema.org and extensions as a low barrier means to publish easily consumable linked data about archival resources, institutions that hold them, and contextual entities such as people and organizations responsible for their creation.
Anne M. Washington & Andrew Weidner OCS: 512
TITLE: Collaborative metadata application profile development for DAMS migration
ABSTRACT: In 2015, after an extensive review process, the University of Houston (UH) Libraries chose the open source systems Hyku (then known as the Hydra-in-a-Box project), Archivematica, and ArchivesSpace to form the Libraries’ digital collections access and preservation ecosystem. This suite of systems, along with locally developed tools, form the Bayou City Digital Asset Management System (BCDAMS). In 2016, the BCDAMS Implementation Team began work on a multi-phase process to roll out the new systems to replace the current digital collections management system, CONTENTdm. Phase I of this process included developing fundamental models and principles as well as much of the local infrastructure and workflows. Phase II of the project will involve migrating existing digital collection metadata and files to the new digital asset management system (DAMS). This poster summarizes work done during Phase I of the project to prepare for the migration work in Phase II. This included working collaboratively to develop a Metadata Application Profile (MAP) and crosswalk, and an analysis of metadata remediation required to prepare for migration. It shares the UH Libraries unique experience in preparing for the migration of UH Digital Library (UHDL) data from CONTENTdm to a new system and offers some general considerations for DAMS migrations.
Jennifer Sweeney OCS: 517
TITLE: SEPIA project: Providing access to digital image content for the blind and visually impaired
ABSTRACT: Created with the Blind and Visually Impaired as the designated community, this project embodies methodology and a use case scenario for utilizing new data model to enhance and optimize metadata for compatibility with screen readers. This paper presents an introduction to the SEPIA project (SEmantic Photographic Image Annotation). The following details reconceptualizing metadata and HTML tags to provide the ability to create a new platform for access.

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The National Library of Finland The National Library of Korea The National Library Board Singapore
Shanghai Library Simmons College GSLIS (US) Information School of the University of Washington
SUB Goettingen Research Center for Knowledge Communities, Tsukuba University Infocom Corporation (Japan)
UNESP (Brazil) Universisty of Edinburgh ZBW (Germany)

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